Table of Contents

Arts & Crafts Bungalow Style
   - Arts & Crafts garden 1900-1925

Fig.35, Arts & Crafts bungalow
Fig. 35
These bungalows are typically 1-1 1/2 stories, with strong horizontal lines, low-pitched roof and a wide porch. They become popular when house plans by Gustav Stickley are published, and house kits made available from Sears. The Victorian now seems ostentatious and distasteful. New homes are smaller, on smaller lots, and made of local materials by local artisans. Outdoor living space is extended by terraces, and sleeping porches. Interiors feature unpainted oak or mahogany built-ins, and stained glass windows (often with a plant motif). Furnishings include ceramics and textiles in muted colors. The interior layout is open, allowing for more family interaction (although kitchens are still in the corner of the house). This house and garden style is enjoying a revival, due to the emphasis on relaxed style and easy-to-grow plants.

Garden plan
Fig.36, Arts & Crafts style shade garden
Fig. 36
The garden plan for the Arts & Crafts bungalow garden is the opposite of the high maintenance bedding plants of the Victorian Garden. Nature is embraced, not corseted into shape. The Beaux Arts influence persists in the rectilinear design of terraces or pools. But lawn is minimized, and asymmetric plantings, picturesque moss beds, evergreens, ferns, and artfully placed stones show a strong Japanese influence (Tishler, 1989). The Arts and Crafts style shade garden (Fig. 36) shows an excellent use of color and texture.

Wood mulch, grass or flagstones paths are informal, winding between plantings. Dry, stone walls are characteristic. Fences are eliminated, creating a natural looking landscape.

Garden structures
Various structures extend the living space. Water features or fountains near seating areas provide pleasant sounds and attract birds. Japanese inspired arbors and rough-hewn pergolas are especially characteristic of the Arts & Crafts garden. Often covered with climbing roses, clematis, moonflower, morning glory or scarlet runner bean, or other vine, they provide shade for outdoor summer relaxation.

Annuals, perennials
Many of the old favorite annuals and perennials are suitable in this style garden. Native perennials, requiring less care, and especially suited for a bungalow garden are bee balm, coneflower, Joe-Pye weed, little bluestem, prairie dropseed and switch grass.

Foundation plantings, and minimum lawn
With the reduction or elimination of lawn, garden plans begin to incorporate a mix of naturally shaped evergreen and deciduous shrubs next to the foundation.

Fig.37, Arts & Crafts garden plan
Fig. 37

Arts & Crafts Style Garden Plant List

Scientific nameCommon name
• Native plant
HeightSpreadTextureSeasonal interest
1. Amelanchier laevis• Serviceberry15'-25'12'-20'MediumSpring-Fall
2. Malus floribunda,Van Houtte'Japanese Flowering Crabapple15'-25'10'-20'MediumSpring
3. Picea pungens• Colorado Spruce30'-60'10'-20'CoarseEvergreen
4. Populus maximowicziiJapanese Poplar30'-100''15'-30'MediumSpring-Fall
5. Thuja occidentalis ,Techny'• Cedar10'-15'4'-6'MediumSpring-Fall
6. Berberis koreanaKorean Barberry4'-6'3'-5'FineSummer
7. Cornus sp.• Dogwood15'-20''15'-20''MediumSpring-winter
8. Forsythia ovataEarly Forsythia6'8'-10''CoarseEarly Spring
9. Hydrangea paniculataPeeGee Hydrangea5'-6'5'-8'CoarseSummer
10. Juniperus squamata ,Blue Swede'Singleseed Juniper5'5'MediumEvergreen
11. Pinus mugoDwarf Mugo Pine3'5'MediumEvergreen
12. Rhododendron schlippenbachii• Royal Azalea6'-8'6'-8'MediumSpring
13. Spirea x bumaldaBumalda Spirea2'-4'3'-5'FineLate Spring
14. Taxus canadensis• Canadian Yew3'-6'6'-8'MediumEvergreen
15. Ajuga reptansBugleweed6"-9"MattingMediumSpring
16. Alchemilla mollisLady's Mantle18"24"CoarseLate Spring
17. Aster novae-belgii• New York Aster12"-36"12"MediumFall
18. Boltonia asteroidesWhite Boltonia36"-60"36"FineLate Summer
19. Echinacea angustifolia• Pink Coneflower12"-36"24"MediumLate Summer
20. Euphorbia corollataFlowering Spurge12"-36"12"-36"FineSpring-Fall
21. Hemerocallis lilyLemon Daylily30"36"MediumSummer
22. Paeonia tenuifoliaFernleaf Peony36"36"FineEarly Summer
23. Panicum virgatum• Switch Grass36"-60"24"-36"FineSummer-Winter
24. Perovskia atriplicifoliaRussian Sage36"-48"36"-48"FineSummer
25. Sedum spectabileShowy Stonecrop18"-24"18"-24'MediumLate Summer
26. Yucca glauca• Yucca, Soapweed24"-72"24"-36"FineMidsummer
27. Lobularia maritimaAlyssum3"-12"8"-12"FineSpring-Fall
Water Plants     
28. Iris virginica• Blue flag24"-48"12"-30"FineSpring
29. Alisma plantago aquaticaWater Plantain12"-36"18"MediumLate summer
30. Ranunculus longirostrisWater Buttercup12"48"MediumSummer
31. Nymphaea• Marliac Water Lily6"36"CoarseSummer
32. Lemna minorDuckweed2"spreadFineSummer

Fig. 39
Fig. 39
Main Features
• Beaux Arts influence in rectilinear pool, terrace
• Minimized lawn
• Asymmetric plantings
• Japanese influence in stone placement
• Winding paths of wood mulch, grass, flagstones
• Plantings and grade change used instead of fences for privacy
• Native perennials help to minimize maintenance